Dating chiriqui panama
A year later, Christopher Columbus visited the isthmus, and established a short-lived settlement in the Darien.
Vasco Núñez de Balboa's tortuous trek from the Atlantic to the Pacific in 1513 demonstrated that the isthmus was indeed the path between the seas, and Panama quickly became the crossroads and marketplace of Spain's empire in the New World.
In 2015 Panama ranked 60th in the world in terms of the Human Development Index.
The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half of the country's 4 million people.Covering around 40% of its land area, Panama's jungles are home to an abundance of tropical plants and animals – some of them found nowhere else on the planet.There are several theories about the origin of the name "Panama".The Isthmus of Panama was formed about three million years ago when the land bridge between North and South America finally became complete, and plants and animals gradually crossed it in both directions.The existence of the isthmus affected the dispersal of people, agriculture and technology throughout the American continent from the appearance of the first hunters and collectors to the era of villages and cities.