Accommodating cultural differences and commonalities
It thus separates people from, as much as it creates, a community.That community need not be a country: it can be ethnic, religious or even professional or corporate.Another practical issue is determining the relevant cultural dimensions to measure.There has been substantial work, usually based on comprehensive surveys, which have come up with sometimes quite different answers.Indeed, it is also often an all too convenient excuse: a recent study found that more experienced executives tend to credit their own skills for success in cross-border M&As, but to blame failures on cultural differences.From a purely academic perspective, sociologists and business researchers have been struggling to tease out and quantify key cultural averages for decades.The first major contributor to this field was the Dutch sociologist Geert Hofstede.
There is no agreed definition of culture as used in the workforce discussion.
Through the language lens, the existing diversity is tremendous, with the top-five spoken first languages (Mandarin, Spanish, English, Hindi, Arabic) covering just one-third of the global population.
Additionally, the use of local idioms and accent variations implies significant differences across countries (Arabic in Egypt and Algeria) as well as within national borders (Portuguese in the south vs. Naturally, these communication differences can be minimized by a common language, with English being the most widespread, used by upwards of 1.75 billion people.
Indeed, nearly 70 percent of the global population is represented within the top three religions, Christianity, Hinduism and Islam.
Even the concept of dialect can be considered as community-defining, given the underlying commonality in communication.